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(Bloomberg) -- Malaysia’s aviation-safety downgrade makes Asia the region with the most markets where airlines are restricted from U.S. airspace.The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration cut Malaysia to a Category 2 nation on Monday, banning the country’s carriers from setting up new flights to anywhere between New York and San Francisco. It cited deficiencies by the nation’s civil-aviation authority in areas ranging from technical expertise to record keeping.Malaysia is the third Asian country now branded with such a stigma - the others being Bangladesh and Thailand - underscoring the challenges regulators face in keeping up with fast-growing demand for flying. Costa Rica, Curacao and Ghana are the only other markets worldwide designated as Category 2.“The moment they hear Malaysia is Category 2 questionable safety, you have a lot of people start to wonder ‘oh, I don’t want to fly with Malaysian carriers,’” said Mohshin Aziz, an analyst at Maybank Investment Bank Bhd.The FAA assessment is based on International Civil Aviation Organization safety standards and focuses on the Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia, not individual airlines. It’s been used to ban flights from India, Vietnam and Indonesia - though those markets have been upgraded to Category 1 in recent years.Malaysia now cannot open new routes to the U.S. or code-share with American carriers. It also means Malaysian aircraft will be more closely monitored at U.S. airports, though only AirAsia X flies there - to Honolulu via Osaka. The airline didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.AirAsia X rose 6% in Kuala Lumpur on Tuesday, its biggest gain in three weeks.The FAA’s designation could have far-reaching implications for a country that suffered through the 2014 disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 and the downing of another flight over Ukraine. Mohshin said it could turn public perception of Malaysian carriers negative, hurt the maintenance business, undermine the ability of local pilots and engineers from getting hired overseas, and drive up insurance premiums and leasing rates.That point was echoed by Gerry Soejatman, a Jakarta-based aviation analyst, who also said the FAA’s decision could impact business travel as companies may restrict staff from flying Category 2 carriers.In response to the downgrade, the Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia said it “takes the FAA’s assessment constructively and has moved to make serious changes in its structure and operations.” At an event in Jakarta on Tuesday, Malaysia’s deputy finance minister Amiruddin Hamzah said that the downgrade would be looked into, but it was unlikely to impact tourism, including increasing numbers coming to Malaysia for medical treatment.Maybank’s Mohshin warned that the impact of a downgrade could be harder on Malaysia than neighboring Thailand, where the balance of traffic is about 50-50 between local and foreign carriers, so the latter can take on some extra load. Malaysia is more polarized, with domestic airlines commanding as much as 80% of the market, he said.“Whatever bad happens to the local Malaysian carriers, the foreign carriers couldn’t possibly offset,” he said.It could be a while before Malaysia regains its Category 1 rating, if other examples in Asia are to go by, according to Sobie Aviation analyst Brendan Sobie.“Restoring Category 1 takes time and a lot of work,” he wrote. “In some instances countries have achieved it in one year - for example India. But the most recent examples in Southeast Asia (Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand) have been several years.”\--With assistance from Viriya Singgih.To contact the reporters on this story: Will Davies in Hong Kong at email@example.com;Kyunghee Park in Singapore at firstname.lastname@example.org;Harry Suhartono in Jakarta at email@example.comTo contact the editors responsible for this story: Young-Sam Cho at firstname.lastname@example.org, Ville HeiskanenFor more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com©2019 Bloomberg L.P.
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A festive shirt meant to show a dog has been trolled for resembling something very different, and you won't be able to unsee it.
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(Bloomberg Opinion) -- Nikki Haley, President Donald Trump’s former ambassador to the United Nations, has made news twice during her book tour. She has said that Trump should not be impeached “for asking for a favor that didn’t happen” and for holding up aid that was eventually delivered to Ukraine. And she has said that former administration officials Rex Tillerson and John Kelly asked her to join them in resisting the president from within. She says she rejected the idea because it would have meant subverting the Constitution.In both cases, Haley disappointed opponents of Trump who had hoped, or imagined, that she was one of them. Her remarks show that she has thrown in her lot with the president. But there is a tension between her comments, and it mirrors the tension of working in this administration.On the one hand, Haley insists that it’s a constitutional duty for the president’s will to be followed. On the other hand, it’s a constitutional excuse for him that his will wasn’t followed. When Kelly, who served as chief of staff, and Tillerson, Trump’s first secretary of state, second-guess the president, they are usurping power our Constitution gave him. But when the president issues a command, sometimes it’s really more of a suggestion.Trump’s underlings have certainly been willing to treat his wishes as idle talk before, and sometimes even to defy him. Their insubordination has kept Trump out of trouble before, too. As the report from special prosecutor Robert Mueller detailed, former White House counsel Don McGahn refused to fire Mueller when Trump directed him to do so. If McGahn had obeyed, Trump would likely have faced an earlier and more bipartisan impeachment.Was McGahn, by Haley’s standards, serving Trump or undermining him? What about the reports that Trump has sometimes urged aides to break laws and promised to pardon them afterward? The aides decided to treat those remarks as a “joke.” Assuming Haley believes these reports, were these aides, too, acting illegitimately?One way of trying to get around this dilemma would be to assume that some presidential directives are serious and others are just venting or jesting. Haley has gestured toward this possibility, telling the Washington Post that “there was no heavy demand insisting that something had to happen” when Trump asked for a Ukrainian investigation of former Vice President Joe Biden and his son, Hunter. As far as we can tell from what Haley has told us, though, Kelly and Tillerson may have had the same idea. Maybe they just wanted officials to err on the side of construing Trump’s orders as “light” demands.Haley is right to be uncomfortable about presidential aides seeing themselves as checks on their boss. She’s right, too, that defiance raises a constitutional concern. Article II vests executive power in the president, not in his aides. The aides, who were not elected, have to be accountable to the president who was. It can’t be the other way around.But this president has chosen, or defaulted to, a different mode of governance. He either tolerates a high degree of insubordination or has not figured out a way of squelching it. When his appointees anger him, he often vents about it on Twitter instead of firing them.No wonder Haley’s remarks sound so dissonant. The president has created a working environment in which either following his orders or not following them is a threat to the proper functioning of the government. Even the most highly accomplished diplomat could not resolve this tension, which may help explain why Haley, like Tillerson and Kelly, is no longer in the Trump administration.To contact the author of this story: Ramesh Ponnuru at email@example.comTo contact the editor responsible for this story: Tobin Harshaw at firstname.lastname@example.orgThis column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.Ramesh Ponnuru is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist. He is a senior editor at National Review, visiting fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and contributor to CBS News.For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com/opinion©2019 Bloomberg L.P.
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Fitness guru Da Rulk confirms that Chris Hemsworth can probably save you in a life or death situation. You're welcome.
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Owen Wilson has "never" met his daughter. The 50-year-old actor's former partner Varunie Vonsvirates gave birth to Lyla in October 2018 and though the 'Wonder' star "helps financially" with the little girl's upbringing, he is "not involved at all" in her life. Varunie told DailyMail.com: "Owen has never met Lyla.